What is IPFS?

11 February 2023


IPFS, or InterPlanetary File System, is a protocol for storing and sharing digital files in a decentralized manner. Unlike traditional file storage systems, IPFS uses a peer-to-peer network to store and retrieve files, making it more resilient and resistant to censorship than centralized systems.

IPFS: A Decentralized File Storage System

IPFS breaks files down into smaller pieces, or chunks, which are then hashed and stored in a distributed network of nodes. Each node on the web is responsible for storing and sharing a portion of the data. Users who want to access a file on IPFS send a request to the network, which returns the data chunks required to reconstruct the original file.

How Does IPFS Work?

The difference between IPFS and a blockchain is that IPFS is a file storage system, while a blockchain is a decentralized ledger that records transactions. IPFS can be used in conjunction with a blockchain to store data, as the blockchain provides a secure and transparent way to store references to the IPFS data.

IPFS vs Blockchain

In this sense, IPFS and blockchain can be seen as complementary technologies, with the blockchain providing security and transparency for the references to IPFS data and IPFS providing the storage and retrieval of the actual data.

The Relationship between IPFS and Blockchain

The longevity of files stored on IPFS depends on the number of nodes in the network that are holding the file. If enough nodes store the file, it will remain available on the web for as long as there are nodes to share it. However, if too few nodes keep the file, it may become unavailable if the nodes storing the file go offline.

How Long Do Files Exist on IPFS?

To ensure the longevity of files stored on IPFS, it is recommended to store files on a large number of nodes and to make use of IPFS gateways, which are centralized services that provide access to the IPFS network and can help to ensure that files remain accessible even if some nodes go offline.

Ensuring the Longevity of Files on IPFS

In conclusion, IPFS is a decentralized file storage system that provides a more secure and resilient way to store and retrieve digital files. Its combination with blockchain technology provides an even more secure and transparent solution for storing and accessing data. By using IPFS, businesses and individuals can store their data in a manner that is resistant to censorship and more resilient to failure than traditional centralized storage systems.


Overall, IPFS is a powerful technology that has the potential to change the way we store and access digital files. Its decentralized nature makes it a more secure and resilient option than traditional centralized storage systems, and its integration with blockchain technology provides an added layer of security and transparency. As the technology continues to evolve and more organizations adopt IPFS, it will likely play an increasingly important role in the future of digital storage and file retrieval.

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